WordPress: The Main Components

WordPress is an open source content management system (CMS), which allows the users to build dynamic websites and blogs. This CMS is the most popular blogging system on the web and allows updating, customizing and managing the website from it’s back-end and components. Users usually used WordPress for blogging, but it also has other applications. This includes:

  • E-commerce
  • Arcade
  • Gallery
  • Portfolio
  • Membership Site
  • Video collection site
  • and more…

When you have your free WordPress application installed on your web hosting server, you will need to know the main components you will come in contact with on the regular basis. This includes the following:


theme changes the design of your website, often including the layout. Themes take the content and data stored by WordPress and display it in the browser.

Mainly, the theme controls the presentation of the content.

These is where you can find the theme:


page is static content. You can make an entire website with just pages alone.

Pages are organized by a hierarchy. They are not time sensitive content. Thus, this means the content does not change often such as an About page, Contact Us page, etc. Also, they are not associated by a date/time. Pages usually appear in menus/links across the top of some themes.

Mainly, pages are used for content that does not change often and/or static information.

This is where you can find the pages:


posts are entries listed in reversed chronological order on home page or post page.

Posts  can be categorized, tagged and archived on your site. They are timely content part of a series of posts in a blog.

Mainly, posts are used for informational updates or news about a certain topic or talking point.

This is where you can find the posts:


The menus is a navigational tool for the site.

WordPress themes usually style the menus in such a way that when a user takes a mouse over a menu item, all their sub-menus are displayed. Pages are attached to menus so users can navigate to different pages on the site.

Mainly, menus are used to navigate the site.

This is where you can find the menus:


Plain and simple, the media is used to manager user uploads. This includes images, videos, audio and other files.

This is where you can find the media:


The plugin is a piece software added to the WordPress website containing a group of functions.

Mainly, plugins are used to extend the functionality or add features to the WordPress website.

This is where you can find the plugins:


The main components of WordPress are themes, pages, posts, menus, media and plugins. These are the components you will come in contact on the regular basis to build and customize your WordPress website.

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